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Common Name : Dusky Fire-Brand Teak

Hindi Name : झटेला | Scientific Name : Premna mollissima
Family : Lamiaceae
Uses : Stem and bark is used to treat eczema, ring-worms and boils, skin diseases, itches, fever. Leaves have medicinal properties like diuretic, aromatic, dropsy and can be used for a bath to reduce body allergy.
Native: China (S. Yunnan) to Tropical Asia
General Description:

It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. Dusky Fire-Brand Teak is a tree up to 8 m high, bark greyish-white. Leaves are simple, opposite, estipulate; leaf-stalk 2-3.5 cm, slender, velvet-hairy; blade 4-10 x 2-5 cm, ovate or elliptic ovate, base rounded, flat or heart-shaped, tip tapering, margin entire or sawtoothed, finely velvet-hairy above and hairless below, membranous; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, slender, pinnate, prominent, raised beneath; intercostae scalariform, obscure. Flowers are bisexual, greenish-white, in corymb-ike cymes at branch-ends, up to 7 cm long. Calyx is 1.5 mm, obscurely 2 lipped, upper lip 2 and lower lip 3 lobed cup-shaped. Flowers are 4 mm across, tube 2 mm, densely hairy inside, petals ovate, blunt; stamens 4, inserted in the middle of the tube, protruding, didynamous; filaments 2 and 3 mm; anthers 0.5 mm; ovary 1 mm, superior, 4 ovuled; style 4.5 mm, linear; stigma shortly bifid. Fruit is a drupe, 4 mm across, spherical, black; seeds oblong. Dusky Fire-Brand Teak is found in India and Bangladesh. Flowering: November-February.